EU policies call for the strengthening of Europe's innovative capacity and the development of a creative and knowledge-intensive economy and society through reinforcing the role of education and training in the knowledge triangle and focusing school curricula on creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship. This report brings evidence to the debate on the status, barriers and enablers for creativity and innovation in compulsory schooling in Europe. It is the final report of the project: ‘Creativity and Innovation in Education and Training in the EU27 (ICEAC)’ carried out by IPTS in collaboration with DG Education and Culture, highlighting the main messages gathered from each phase of the study: a literature review, a survey with teachers, an analysis of curricula and of good practices, stakeholder and expert interviews, and experts workshops. Based on this empirical material, five major areas for improvement are proposed to enable more creative learning and innovative teaching in Europe: curricula, pedagogies and assessment, teacher training, ICT and digital media, and educational culture and leadership. The study highlights the need for action at both national and European level to bring about the changes required for an open and innovative European educational culture based on the creative and innovative potential of its future generation.